Das kleine ABC der Podologie

 

A

 

Anamnesis

This refers to the correct patient admission. The new customer / patient Receives a questionnaire that has to be correctly completed. It contains questions on the general health status of the patient. It is important for the treating podiatrist to know whether the patient has diabetes (under D) or suffers from hyperaemia. This is essential to ensure that the patient receives a treatment tailored to his needs.

 

 

B

 

 

Bursitis

Inflammation of a bursa.

 

 

C

 

 

Clavus

Clavus is the Latin term for a corn.

 

 

D

 

 

Dorsal

When dorsal is referred to in podiatry, it means positioned on the arch. For example a corn on the toe.

 

 

E

 

 

EFZ

This term is found in podiatry today to signify that the three-year apprenticeship has been completed. It stands for Federal proficiency certificate.

 

 

F

 

 

Heel Spur

The heel spur generally results from callus sedimentation (could be compared to bone glue) at the end of the Achilles tendon. This sedimentation presses with every step like a thorn into the soft tissue of the heel and causes inflammation. There are a few treatment methods. For a long time the general opinion was that the point should be relieved with a special inlay to give the sedimentation a chance to recede by itself. Today the experts fall back on the method of shattering or operating the heel spur.

 

 

G

 

 

Gait

Almost all problems on or with the feet are associated with our gait. Therefore a precise running analysis is often the key to improving the problem. In conjunction with orthopaedic specialists we attain a holistic and tailor-made solution.

 

 

H

 

 

Hyperkeratosis

Cornea.

 

 

I

 

 

Inter digital

In podiatry we speak of inter digital when referring to complaints between the toes.

 

 

J

 

 

 

 

K

 

 

Keratolytic

A so-called keratolytic is generally used in creams that reduce cornea or in corn plasters. Mostly based on salicylic acid. Warning!! It can radically soften your skin or even burn it. Please always only use in consultation with your doctor or pharmacist. May lead to wounds and major complications for diabetics.

 

 

L

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

Mycosis

The most common nail disorder is certainly nail mycosis. This is a nasty nail fungus. If you suspect that you are suffering from this nail fungus, consult your doctor or dermatologist. In both cases it is important to know that a clear diagnosis can only be made using two analysis.

 

1) a nail sample has to be submitted to the laboratory, where the assistants attempt to grow a fungal culture on a breeding ground in a climate supporting fungal growth (warm and moist). If the nail is actually infected the culture will grow and if not, it will not.

2) the somewhat less precise analysis is made under the microscope in which the so-called fungal filaments can be determined in a fungus. In both cases the correct medication and collaboration with the podiatrist are required.

 

 

N

 

 

Nail Fungus

see Mycosis

 

Nail Growth

 

Nail growth consists of two components. On one hand the longitudinal growth is controlled by the nail root. The nail bed is responsible for how thick the nail is. Therefore when one of the two is damaged from a hit, pressure or an operation, the result is generally that the nail plate appears undulated, or suddenly grows much thicker etc. If the nail root is affected, the regrowth of the nails is generally poor.

 

 

O

 

 

Orthosis Technique

 

 

P

 

 

Psoriasis

Psoriasis also manifests itself in the patient through a change of the nails. This is unfortunately often diagnosed by doctors as nail fungus. It actually does appear so on first glance, there are however differences. The psoriasis nail generally has a dark point in the middle, the so-called mouse bite. It looks like an oil stain. Psoriasis on the sole of the foot can lead in individual cases to weeping wounds, which should only be treated under supervision and collaboration with a dermatologist (I am writing from practical experience.

 

 

Q

 

 

 

 

R

 

 

Rhagades

Everyone knows them, the nasty often deep and painful cracks predominantly on the heels. They often occur in winter, because our feet are then extremely sensitive due to the cold and much too dry air. An additional factor is the otherwise beneficial floor heating, which absorbs the rest of the moisture from the dried out skin on the feet. Add to that the pressure when flexing and the skin tears. The only thing we can do here is remove any existing excess cornea and cream, cream, cream. Very rapid and positive results can be attained in combination with a paraffin bath.

 

 

S

 

 

 

 

T

 

 

 

 

U

 

 

Unguis incarnatus

This is the technical term for the ingrown toenail. In most cases the complaints an be dealt with in a podiatric treatment, however this is frequently not sufficient, then a nail correction clamp is administered, which in 80% of all cases solves the problem in the long term and sometimes rectifies it completely.

 

 

V

 

 

 

 

W

 

 

Wound Care

We are repeatedly faced with the task of dealing with larger wounds. We have placed our trust for years in the collaboration with wound specialists and doctors.

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

Y

 

 

 

 

Z